Senate Bill 308, signed into law on May 10, 2011, removes fines and criminal penalties for those who successfully raise an ‘affirmative defense’ in court establishing that they possessed limited amounts of cannabis for medical purposes. An affirmative defense may also be raised if you are charged with cultivating weed or possessing more than one ounce.
Although Maryland became the ninth marijuana-legal state back in 2003, there is no registration program; neither are there any laws governing cultivation of marijuana. Providing you are in possession of less than one ounce of cannabis, Maryland law allows ‘medical necessity’ as a defense. And, as you can see from above, even the maximum quantity doesn’t seem to be set in stone.
However, no matter how hard you search you won’t find lists of approved medical conditions or cannabis doctors; there is no guidance given on what your physician needs to write to prove your eligibility to marijuana as medicine.
The maximum penalty for possession of marijuana by a patient with a valid doctor’s recommendation is $100.